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Logical  Fallacy: a error in reasoning
  (adj)     (noun)

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Statement #120 Discussion

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Below is the statement as it appears with the fallacy marked as correct. You can see the totals of most frequent responses to this statement. And after reading the any discussion going on below, you can select your choice(s) for the correct answer. For now, whoever posts each statement can update corrections.
After Sally presents an eloquent and compelling case for a more equitable taxation system, Sam asks the audience whether we should believe anything from a woman who isn't married, was once arrested, and smells a bit weird.
Ad Hominem
AKA Ad Hominem Abusive, Personal Attack

Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Ad hominems (Genetic Fallacies)

Translated from Latin to English, "ad Hominem" means "against the man" or "against the person."

An ad Hominem is a general category of fallacies in which a claim or argument is rejected on the basis of some irrelevant fact about the author of or the person presenting the claim or argument. Typically, this fallacy involves two steps. First, an attack against the character of person making the claim, her circumstances, or her actions is made (or the character, circumstances, or actions of the person reporting the claim). Second, this attack is taken to be evidence against the claim or argument the person in question is making (or presenting). This type of "argument" has the following form:

  1. Person A makes claim X.
  2. Person B makes an attack on person A.
  3. Therefore A's claim is false.
The reason why an ad Hominem (of any kind) is a fallacy is that the character, circumstances, or actions of a person do not (in most cases) have a bearing on the truth or falsity of the claim being made (or the quality of the argument being made).

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 946 Total Answer Attempts   64%
 601 Correctly Popped Fallacies
 345 Incorrectly Un/Popped
posted by wikiworldorder     
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Most Common Responses

 
601 - Ad Hominem
67 - Personal Attack
29 - Poisoning the Well
26 - Circumstantial Ad Hominem
21 - Appeal to Ridicule
20 - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque
15 - Fallacy of Composition
14 - Misleading Vividness
12 - Appeal to Spite
10 - Hasty Generalization
9 - Red Herring
9 - Guilt by Association
9 - Post Hoc
8 - Appeal to Belief
8 - Special Pleading
8 - Biased Generalization
8 - Genetic Fallacy
7 - False Dilemma
6 - Appeal to Tradition
5 - Appeal to Authority
5 - Appeal to Emotion
5 - Confusing Cause and Effect
4 - Begging the Question
4 - Appeal to Popularity
4 - Fallacy of Division
4 - Slippery Slope
4 - Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
3 - Appeal to Common Practice
3 - Ignoring a Common Cause
3 - Middle Ground
3 - Relativist Fallacy
3 - Burden of Proof
2 - Peer Pressure
2 - Gambler's Fallacy
2 - Appeal to Pity
1 - Appeal to Fear
1 - Appeal to Flattery
1 - Appeal to Novelty

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* Fallacious statements are usually paired with a random image of a person who never spoke those words.
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