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Logical  Fallacy: a error in reasoning
  (adj)     (noun)

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Statement #121 Discussion

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Below is the statement as it appears with the fallacy marked as correct. You can see the totals of most frequent responses to this statement. And after reading the any discussion going on below, you can select your choice(s) for the correct answer. For now, whoever posts each statement can update corrections.
Bertrand declares that a teapot is, at this very moment, in orbit around the Sun between the Earth and Mars, and that because no one can prove him wrong, his claim is therefore a valid one.
Burden of Proof
Ad Ignorantiam

AKA Appeal to Ignorance

Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Distracting Appeals

Burden of Proof is a fallacy in which the burden of proof is placed on the wrong side. Another version occurs when a lack of evidence for side A is taken to be evidence for side B in cases in which the burden of proof actually rests on side B. A common name for this is an Appeal to Ignorance. This sort of reasoning typically has the following form:

  1. Claim X is presented by side A and the burden of proof actually rests on side B.
  2. Side B claims that X is false because there is no proof for X.
In many situations, one side has the burden of proof resting on it. This side is obligated to provide evidence for its position. The claim of the other side, the one that does not bear the burden of proof, is assumed to be true unless proven otherwise. The difficulty in such cases is determining which side, if any, the burden of proof rests on. In many cases, settling this issue can be a matter of significant debate. In some cases the burden of proof is set by the situation. For example, in American law a person is assumed to be innocent until proven guilty (hence the burden of proof is on the prosecution). As another example, in debate the burden of proof is placed on the affirmative team. As a final example, in most cases the burden of proof rests on those who claim something exists (such as Bigfoot, psychic powers, universals, and sense data).

Click For Fallacy Description

 997 Total Answer Attempts   78%
 774 Correctly Popped Fallacies
 223 Incorrectly Un/Popped
posted by wikiworldorder     
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Most Common Responses

 
774 - Burden of Proof
16 - False Dilemma
14 - Appeal to Belief
13 - Begging the Question
11 - Red Herring
11 - Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
11 - Biased Generalization
10 - Appeal to Novelty
10 - Ignoring a Common Cause
10 - Relativist Fallacy
10 - Appeal to Ridicule
9 - Circumstantial Ad Hominem
9 - Hasty Generalization
8 - Post Hoc
8 - Misleading Vividness
8 - Confusing Cause and Effect
7 - Appeal to Authority
6 - Appeal to Spite
5 - Genetic Fallacy
5 - Fallacy of Composition
5 - Gambler's Fallacy
5 - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque
4 - Slippery Slope
3 - Special Pleading
3 - Fallacy of Division
3 - Personal Attack
3 - Appeal to Common Practice
3 - Appeal to Popularity
3 - Appeal to Emotion
2 - Peer Pressure
2 - Poisoning the Well
1 - Appeal to Pity
1 - Middle Ground
1 - Ad Hominem
1 - Appeal to Tradition
1 - Appeal to Flattery
1 - Guilt by Association

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* Fallacious statements are usually paired with a random image of a person who never spoke those words.
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