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Logical  Fallacy: a error in reasoning
  (adj)     (noun)

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Statement #155 Discussion

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Below is the statement as it appears with the fallacy marked as correct. You can see the totals of most frequent responses to this statement. And after reading the any discussion going on below, you can select your choice(s) for the correct answer. For now, whoever posts each statement can update corrections.
That can't be the Senator on that sex-tape. If it were, he'd be lying about not knowing her. And he's not the kind of man who would lie.
Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
Argumentum Ad Consequentium

Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Distracting Appeals

The Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief is a fallacy that comes in the following patterns:

#1: X is true because if people did not accept X as being true, then there would be negative consequences.
#2: X is false because if people did not accept X as being false, then there would be negative consequences.

#3: X is true because accepting that X is true has positive consequences.
#4: X is false because accepting that X is false has positive consequences.

#5: I wish that X were true, therefore X is true. This is known as Wishful Thinking.
#6: I wish that X were false, therefore X is false. This is known as Wishful Thinking.

This line of "reasoning" is fallacious because the consequences of a belief have no bearing on whether the belief is true or false. For example, if someone were to say "If sixteen-headed purple unicorns don't exist, then I would be miserable, so they must exist", it would be clear that this would not be a good line of reasoning. It is important to note that the consequences in question are the consequences that stem from the belief. It is important to distinguish between a rational reason to believe (RRB) (evidence) and a prudential reason to believe (PRB) (motivation). A RRB is evidence that objectively and logically supports the claim. A PRB is a reason to accept the belief because of some external factor (such as fear, a threat, or a benefit or harm that may stem from the belief) that is relevant to what a person values but is not relevant to the truth or falsity of the claim. The nature of the fallacy is especially clear in the case of Wishful thinking. Obviously, merely wishing that something is true does not make it true. This fallacy differs from the Appeal to Belief fallacy in that the Appeal to Belief involves taking a claim that most people believe that X is true to be evidence for X being true.

Click For Fallacy Description

 776 Total Answer Attempts   43%
 332 Correctly Popped Fallacies
 444 Incorrectly Un/Popped
posted by wikiworldorder     
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Most Common Responses

 
332 - Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
31 - Special Pleading
31 - Appeal to Belief
27 - Biased Generalization
23 - Begging the Question
21 - Appeal to Authority
20 - Circumstantial Ad Hominem
16 - Appeal to Emotion
15 - Post Hoc
15 - Hasty Generalization
15 - False Dilemma
15 - Red Herring
14 - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque
14 - Appeal to Flattery
13 - Relativist Fallacy
13 - Burden of Proof
13 - Fallacy of Composition
13 - Genetic Fallacy
11 - Ad Hominem
11 - Guilt by Association
11 - Misleading Vividness
11 - Poisoning the Well
10 - Appeal to Novelty
9 - Slippery Slope
9 - Confusing Cause and Effect
9 - Ignoring a Common Cause
9 - Appeal to Popularity
8 - Appeal to Ridicule
7 - Appeal to Pity
7 - Appeal to Common Practice
6 - Appeal to Tradition
5 - Gambler's Fallacy
4 - Fallacy of Division
3 - Personal Attack
2 - Appeal to Spite
2 - Middle Ground
1 - Appeal to Fear

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* Fallacious statements are usually paired with a random image of a person who never spoke those words.
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