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Logical  Fallacy: a error in reasoning
  (adj)     (noun)

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Statement #18 Discussion

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Below is the statement as it appears with the fallacy marked as correct. You can see the totals of most frequent responses to this statement. And after reading the any discussion going on below, you can select your choice(s) for the correct answer. For now, whoever posts each statement can update corrections.
We quickly learned that the 9/11 attacks were carried out by Al Qaeda, an organization headed by Osama Bin Laden...
Appeal to Belief
Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings)

Appeal to Belief is a fallacy that has this general pattern:

  1. Most people believe that a claim, X, is true.
  2. Therefore X is true.
This line of "reasoning" is fallacious because the fact that many people believe a claim does not, in general, serve as evidence that the claim is true.

There are, however, some cases when the fact that many people accept a claim as true is an indication that it is true. For example, while you are visiting Maine, you are told by several people that they believe that people older than 16 need to buy a fishing license in order to fish. Barring reasons to doubt these people, their statements give you reason to believe that anyone over 16 will need to buy a fishing license.

There are also cases in which what people believe actually determines the truth of a claim. For example, the truth of claims about manners and proper behavior might simply depend on what people believe to be good manners and proper behavior. Another example is the case of community standards, which are often taken to be the standards that most people accept. In some cases, what violates certain community standards is taken to be obscene. In such cases, for the claim "x is obscene" to be true is for most people in that community to believe that x is obscene. In such cases it is still prudent to question the justification of the individual beliefs.

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Burden of Proof
Ad Ignorantiam

AKA Appeal to Ignorance

Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Distracting Appeals

Burden of Proof is a fallacy in which the burden of proof is placed on the wrong side. Another version occurs when a lack of evidence for side A is taken to be evidence for side B in cases in which the burden of proof actually rests on side B. A common name for this is an Appeal to Ignorance. This sort of reasoning typically has the following form:

  1. Claim X is presented by side A and the burden of proof actually rests on side B.
  2. Side B claims that X is false because there is no proof for X.
In many situations, one side has the burden of proof resting on it. This side is obligated to provide evidence for its position. The claim of the other side, the one that does not bear the burden of proof, is assumed to be true unless proven otherwise. The difficulty in such cases is determining which side, if any, the burden of proof rests on. In many cases, settling this issue can be a matter of significant debate. In some cases the burden of proof is set by the situation. For example, in American law a person is assumed to be innocent until proven guilty (hence the burden of proof is on the prosecution). As another example, in debate the burden of proof is placed on the affirmative team. As a final example, in most cases the burden of proof rests on those who claim something exists (such as Bigfoot, psychic powers, universals, and sense data).

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 803 Total Answer Attempts   62%
 495 Correctly Popped Fallacies
 308 Incorrectly Un/Popped
posted by wikiworldorder     url: youtube/m2TI...

Most Common Responses

 
301 - Burden of Proof
194 - Appeal to Belief
24 - Guilt by Association
23 - Appeal to Fear
21 - Circumstantial Ad Hominem
19 - Appeal to Authority
15 - Poisoning the Well
14 - Red Herring
13 - Biased Generalization
13 - Appeal to Emotion
13 - Begging the Question
13 - Misleading Vividness
12 - Personal Attack
12 - Post Hoc
11 - Ignoring a Common Cause
10 - Ad Hominem
10 - Hasty Generalization
9 - Fallacy of Composition
8 - Fallacy of Division
8 - Appeal to Spite
8 - Genetic Fallacy
7 - Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
7 - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque
5 - Confusing Cause and Effect
5 - Appeal to Popularity
4 - Appeal to Ridicule
4 - Appeal to Flattery
3 - Special Pleading
3 - Peer Pressure
3 - Appeal to Novelty
2 - False Dilemma
2 - Slippery Slope
2 - Middle Ground
2 - Appeal to Tradition
1 -
1 - Appeal to Common Practice
1 - Gambler's Fallacy

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