Logical  Fallacy: a error in reasoning
  (adj)     (noun)

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Statement #184 Discussion

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Below is the statement as it appears with the fallacy marked as correct. You can see the totals of most frequent responses to this statement. And after reading the any discussion going on below, you can select your choice(s) for the correct answer. For now, whoever posts each statement can update corrections.
You only want to end marijuana prohibition because you smoke pot.
Circumstantial Ad Hominem
Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Ad hominems (Genetic Fallacies)

A Circumstantial ad Hominem is a fallacy in which one attempts to attack a claim by asserting that the person making the claim is making it simply out of self interest. In some cases, this fallacy involves substituting an attack on a person's circumstances (such as the person's religion, political affiliation, ethnic background, etc.). The fallacy has the following forms:

  1. Person A makes claim X.
  2. Person B asserts that A makes claim X because it is in A's interest to claim X.
  3. Therefore claim X is false.
  1. Person A makes claim X.
  2. Person B makes an attack on A's circumstances.
  3. Therefore X is false.
A Circumstantial ad Hominem is a fallacy because a person's interests and circumstances have no bearing on the truth or falsity of the claim being made. While a person's interests will provide them with motives to support certain claims, the claims stand or fall on their own. It is also the case that a person's circumstances (religion, political affiliation, etc.) do not affect the truth or falsity of the claim. This is made quite clear by the following example: "Bill claims that 1+1 =2. But he is a Republican, so his claim is false."

There are times when it is prudent to suspicious of a person's claims, such as when it is evident that the claims are being biased by the person's interests. For example, if a tobacco company representative claims that tobacco does not cause cancer, it would be prudent to not simply accept the claim. This is because the person has a motivation to make the claim, whether it is true or not. However, the mere fact that the person has a motivation to make the claim does not make it false. For example, suppose a parent tells her son that sticking a fork in a light socket would be dangerous. Simply because she has a motivation to say this obviously does not make her claim false.

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 827 Total Answer Attempts   55%
 457 Correctly Popped Fallacies
 370 Incorrectly Un/Popped
posted by wikiworldorder     
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Most Common Responses

457 - Circumstantial Ad Hominem
47 - Personal Attack
29 - Ad Hominem
28 - Guilt by Association
26 - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque
25 - Biased Generalization
21 - Hasty Generalization
16 - Appeal to Ridicule
14 - Post Hoc
11 - Ignoring a Common Cause
10 - False Dilemma
10 - Red Herring
10 - Relativist Fallacy
10 - Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
10 - Appeal to Authority
9 - Confusing Cause and Effect
8 - Poisoning the Well
7 - Genetic Fallacy
7 - Appeal to Belief
7 - Fallacy of Composition
7 - Special Pleading
7 - Burden of Proof
7 - Appeal to Spite
6 - Begging the Question
5 - Appeal to Common Practice
5 - Misleading Vividness
5 - Appeal to Flattery
5 - Peer Pressure
4 - Slippery Slope
3 - Appeal to Pity
3 - Appeal to Novelty
3 - Appeal to Popularity
2 - Fallacy of Division
1 - Appeal to Emotion
1 - Appeal to Fear
1 - Appeal to Tradition

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* Fallacious statements are usually paired with a random image of a person who never spoke those words.
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