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Logical  Fallacy: a error in reasoning
  (adj)     (noun)

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Statement #19 Discussion

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Below is the statement as it appears with the fallacy marked as correct. You can see the totals of most frequent responses to this statement. And after reading the any discussion going on below, you can select your choice(s) for the correct answer. For now, whoever posts each statement can update corrections.
...which had openly declared war on the United States and was committed to killing innocents in our country and around the globe. And so we went to war against Al Qaeda to protect our citizens, our friends and our allies.
Appeal to Fear
Ad Baculum

AKA Scare Tactics, Appeal to Force

Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Distracting Appeals

The Appeal to Fear is a fallacy with the following pattern:

  1. Y is presented (a claim that is intended to produce fear).
  2. Therefore claim X is true (a claim that is generally, but need not be, related to Y in some manner).
This line of "reasoning" is fallacious because creating fear in people does not constitute evidence for a claim.

It is important to distinguish between a rational reason to believe (RRB) (evidence) and a prudential reason to believe(PRB) (motivation). A RRB is evidence that objectively and logically supports the claim. A PRB is a reason to accept the belief because of some external factor (such as fear, a threat, or a benefit or harm that may stem from the belief) that is relevant to what a person values but is not relevant to the truth or falsity of the claim. For example, it might be prudent to not fail the son of your department chairperson because you fear he will make life tough for you. However, this does not provide evidence for the claim that the son deserves to pass the class.

Click For Fallacy Description
False Dilemma
AKA Black & White Thinking

Category: Fallacies of Presumption

A False Dilemma is a fallacy in which a person uses the following pattern of "reasoning":

  1. Either claim X is true or claim Y is true (when X and Y could both be false).
  2. Claim Y is false.
  3. Therefore claim X is true.
This line of "reasoning" is fallacious because if both claims could be false, then it cannot be inferred that one is true because the other is false. That this is the case is made clear by the following example:
  1. Either 1+1 =4 or 1+1=12.
  2. It is not the case that 1+1 = 4.
  3. Therefore 1+1 =12.
In cases in which the two options are, in fact, the only two options, this line of reasoning is not fallacious. For example:
  1. Bill is dead or he is alive.
  2. Bill is not dead.
  3. Therefore Bill is alive.

Click For Fallacy Description

 779 Total Answer Attempts   62%
 482 Correctly Popped Fallacies
 297 Incorrectly Un/Popped
posted by wikiworldorder     url: youtube/m2TI...

Most Common Responses

 
338 - Appeal to Fear
144 - False Dilemma
34 - Appeal to Emotion
20 - Burden of Proof
20 - Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
19 - Misleading Vividness
13 - Confusing Cause and Effect
12 - Poisoning the Well
11 - Begging the Question
11 - Appeal to Popularity
10 - Fallacy of Division
10 - Appeal to Spite
9 - Biased Generalization
9 - Appeal to Belief
9 - Fallacy of Composition
8 - Slippery Slope
8 - Hasty Generalization
8 - Guilt by Association
7 - Post Hoc
7 - Appeal to Common Practice
7 - Circumstantial Ad Hominem
7 - Appeal to Pity
6 - Appeal to Tradition
6 - Appeal to Flattery
6 - Special Pleading
5 - Peer Pressure
5 - Red Herring
4 - Appeal to Authority
4 - Genetic Fallacy
4 - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque
4 - Gambler's Fallacy
4 - Relativist Fallacy
4 - Ignoring a Common Cause
3 - Appeal to Novelty
1 - Middle Ground
1 - Appeal to Ridicule
1 - Ad Hominem

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* Fallacious statements are usually paired with a random image of a person who never spoke those words.
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