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Logical  Fallacy: a error in reasoning
  (adj)     (noun)

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Statement #200 Discussion

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Below is the statement as it appears with the fallacy marked as correct. You can see the totals of most frequent responses to this statement. And after reading the any discussion going on below, you can select your choice(s) for the correct answer. For now, whoever posts each statement can update corrections.
This hat was given to me by the spaghetti monster from outer space.
Burden of Proof
Ad Ignorantiam

AKA Appeal to Ignorance

Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Distracting Appeals

Burden of Proof is a fallacy in which the burden of proof is placed on the wrong side. Another version occurs when a lack of evidence for side A is taken to be evidence for side B in cases in which the burden of proof actually rests on side B. A common name for this is an Appeal to Ignorance. This sort of reasoning typically has the following form:

  1. Claim X is presented by side A and the burden of proof actually rests on side B.
  2. Side B claims that X is false because there is no proof for X.
In many situations, one side has the burden of proof resting on it. This side is obligated to provide evidence for its position. The claim of the other side, the one that does not bear the burden of proof, is assumed to be true unless proven otherwise. The difficulty in such cases is determining which side, if any, the burden of proof rests on. In many cases, settling this issue can be a matter of significant debate. In some cases the burden of proof is set by the situation. For example, in American law a person is assumed to be innocent until proven guilty (hence the burden of proof is on the prosecution). As another example, in debate the burden of proof is placed on the affirmative team. As a final example, in most cases the burden of proof rests on those who claim something exists (such as Bigfoot, psychic powers, universals, and sense data).

Click For Fallacy Description

 461 Total Answer Attempts   53%
 243 Correctly Popped Fallacies
 218 Incorrectly Un/Popped

Most Common Responses

 
243 - Burden of Proof
27 - Misleading Vividness
20 - Appeal to Ridicule
14 - Poisoning the Well
12 - Appeal to Belief
12 - Appeal to Novelty
12 - Red Herring
10 - Relativist Fallacy
10 - Begging the Question
8 - Post Hoc
7 - Fallacy of Composition
6 - Circumstantial Ad Hominem
6 - Confusing Cause and Effect
5 - Special Pleading
5 - Genetic Fallacy
5 - False Dilemma
5 - Appeal to Authority
5 - Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
5 - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque
4 - Ignoring a Common Cause
4 - Fallacy of Division
4 - Ad Hominem
4 - Appeal to Spite
4 - Gambler's Fallacy
3 - Appeal to Tradition
3 - Biased Generalization
3 - Hasty Generalization
3 - Personal Attack
2 - Appeal to Popularity
2 - Appeal to Emotion
2 - Appeal to Fear
1 - Slippery Slope
1 - Guilt by Association
1 - Appeal to Pity
1 - Middle Ground
1 - Appeal to Common Practice
1 - Peer Pressure

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