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Logical  Fallacy: a error in reasoning
  (adj)     (noun)

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Statement #21 Discussion

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Below is the statement as it appears with the fallacy marked as correct. You can see the totals of most frequent responses to this statement. And after reading the any discussion going on below, you can select your choice(s) for the correct answer. For now, whoever posts each statement can update corrections.
Yet Osama Bin Laden avoided capture and escaped across the Afghan border into Pakistan. Meanwhile Al Qaeda continued to operate from along that border and operate through its affiliates across the world.
Burden of Proof
Ad Ignorantiam

AKA Appeal to Ignorance

Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Distracting Appeals

Burden of Proof is a fallacy in which the burden of proof is placed on the wrong side. Another version occurs when a lack of evidence for side A is taken to be evidence for side B in cases in which the burden of proof actually rests on side B. A common name for this is an Appeal to Ignorance. This sort of reasoning typically has the following form:

  1. Claim X is presented by side A and the burden of proof actually rests on side B.
  2. Side B claims that X is false because there is no proof for X.
In many situations, one side has the burden of proof resting on it. This side is obligated to provide evidence for its position. The claim of the other side, the one that does not bear the burden of proof, is assumed to be true unless proven otherwise. The difficulty in such cases is determining which side, if any, the burden of proof rests on. In many cases, settling this issue can be a matter of significant debate. In some cases the burden of proof is set by the situation. For example, in American law a person is assumed to be innocent until proven guilty (hence the burden of proof is on the prosecution). As another example, in debate the burden of proof is placed on the affirmative team. As a final example, in most cases the burden of proof rests on those who claim something exists (such as Bigfoot, psychic powers, universals, and sense data).

Click For Fallacy Description
Spotlight
Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Distracting Appeals

The Spotlight fallacy is committed when a person uncritically assumes that all members or cases of a certain class or type are like those that receive the most attention or coverage in the media. This line of "reasoning" has the following form:

  1. Xs with quality Q receive a great deal of attention or coverage in the media.
  2. Therefore all Xs have quality Q.
This line of reasoning is fallacious since the mere fact that someone or something attracts the most attention or coverage in the media does not mean that it automatically represents the whole population. For example, suppose a mass murderer from Old Town, Maine received a great deal of attention in the media. It would hardly follow that everyone from the town is a mass murderer.

The Spotlight fallacy derives its name from the fact that receiving a great deal of attention or coverage is often referred to as being in the spotlight. It is similar to Hasty Generalization, Biased Sample and Misleading Vividness because the error being made involves generalizing about a population based on an inadequate or flawed sample.

The Spotlight Fallacy is a very common fallacy. This fallacy most often occurs when people assume that those who receive the most media attention actually represent the groups they belong to. For example, some people began to believe that all those who oppose abortion are willing to gun down doctors in cold blood simply because those incidents received a great deal of media attention. Since the media typically covers people or events that are unusual or exceptional, it is somewhat odd for people to believe that such people or events are representative.

For brief discussions of adequate samples and generalizations, see the entries for Hasty Generalization and Biased Sample.

Click For Fallacy Description

 758 Total Answer Attempts   54%
 409 Correctly Popped Fallacies
 349 Incorrectly Un/Popped
posted by wikiworldorder     url: youtube/m2TI...

Most Common Responses

 
220 - Burden of Proof
189 - Spotlight
30 - Appeal to Fear
24 - Confusing Cause and Effect
20 - Begging the Question
20 - Biased Generalization
20 - Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
19 - Appeal to Belief
18 - Misleading Vividness
18 - Post Hoc
17 - Red Herring
16 - Guilt by Association
15 - Ignoring a Common Cause
13 - Relativist Fallacy
10 - Appeal to Spite
10 - Slippery Slope
10 - Appeal to Emotion
10 - Appeal to Ridicule
10 - Peer Pressure
9 - Appeal to Flattery
6 - Fallacy of Division
6 - False Dilemma
6 - Hasty Generalization
6 - Personal Attack
5 - Poisoning the Well
4 - Middle Ground
4 - Fallacy of Composition
4 - Appeal to Authority
3 - Circumstantial Ad Hominem
3 - Special Pleading
3 - Ad Hominem
2 - Appeal to Tradition
2 - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque
2 - Appeal to Popularity
1 - Appeal to Pity
1 - Genetic Fallacy
1 - Appeal to Common Practice
1 - Appeal to Novelty

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