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Logical  Fallacy: a error in reasoning
  (adj)     (noun)

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Statement #24 Discussion

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Below is the statement as it appears with the fallacy marked as correct. You can see the totals of most frequent responses to this statement. And after reading the any discussion going on below, you can select your choice(s) for the correct answer. For now, whoever posts each statement can update corrections.
Indeed, Bin Laden had declared war against Pakistan as well and ordered attacks against the Pakistani people.
Appeal to Fear
Ad Baculum

AKA Scare Tactics, Appeal to Force

Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Distracting Appeals

The Appeal to Fear is a fallacy with the following pattern:

  1. Y is presented (a claim that is intended to produce fear).
  2. Therefore claim X is true (a claim that is generally, but need not be, related to Y in some manner).
This line of "reasoning" is fallacious because creating fear in people does not constitute evidence for a claim.

It is important to distinguish between a rational reason to believe (RRB) (evidence) and a prudential reason to believe(PRB) (motivation). A RRB is evidence that objectively and logically supports the claim. A PRB is a reason to accept the belief because of some external factor (such as fear, a threat, or a benefit or harm that may stem from the belief) that is relevant to what a person values but is not relevant to the truth or falsity of the claim. For example, it might be prudent to not fail the son of your department chairperson because you fear he will make life tough for you. However, this does not provide evidence for the claim that the son deserves to pass the class.

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Burden of Proof
Ad Ignorantiam

AKA Appeal to Ignorance

Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Distracting Appeals

Burden of Proof is a fallacy in which the burden of proof is placed on the wrong side. Another version occurs when a lack of evidence for side A is taken to be evidence for side B in cases in which the burden of proof actually rests on side B. A common name for this is an Appeal to Ignorance. This sort of reasoning typically has the following form:

  1. Claim X is presented by side A and the burden of proof actually rests on side B.
  2. Side B claims that X is false because there is no proof for X.
In many situations, one side has the burden of proof resting on it. This side is obligated to provide evidence for its position. The claim of the other side, the one that does not bear the burden of proof, is assumed to be true unless proven otherwise. The difficulty in such cases is determining which side, if any, the burden of proof rests on. In many cases, settling this issue can be a matter of significant debate. In some cases the burden of proof is set by the situation. For example, in American law a person is assumed to be innocent until proven guilty (hence the burden of proof is on the prosecution). As another example, in debate the burden of proof is placed on the affirmative team. As a final example, in most cases the burden of proof rests on those who claim something exists (such as Bigfoot, psychic powers, universals, and sense data).

Click For Fallacy Description

 836 Total Answer Attempts   62%
 521 Correctly Popped Fallacies
 315 Incorrectly Un/Popped
posted by wikiworldorder     url: youtube/m2TI...

Most Common Responses

 
279 - Appeal to Fear
242 - Burden of Proof
24 - Begging the Question
17 - Hasty Generalization
15 - Appeal to Belief
15 - Appeal to Emotion
14 - Personal Attack
13 - Fallacy of Composition
13 - Poisoning the Well
13 - Confusing Cause and Effect
12 - Misleading Vividness
12 - Biased Generalization
11 - Post Hoc
11 - Appeal to Authority
11 - Red Herring
10 - Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
10 - Fallacy of Division
10 - Guilt by Association
9 - Ignoring a Common Cause
9 - Circumstantial Ad Hominem
9 - False Dilemma
9 - Appeal to Spite
7 - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque
7 - Relativist Fallacy
6 - Ad Hominem
6 - Special Pleading
6 - Slippery Slope
6 - Peer Pressure
5 - Appeal to Popularity
5 - Appeal to Ridicule
4 - Appeal to Novelty
4 - Gambler's Fallacy
3 - Appeal to Pity
3 - Middle Ground
3 - Appeal to Common Practice
2 - Appeal to Flattery
1 - Genetic Fallacy

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* Fallacious statements are usually paired with a random image of a person who never spoke those words.
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