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Logical  Fallacy: a error in reasoning
  (adj)     (noun)

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Statement #27 Discussion

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Below is the statement as it appears with the fallacy marked as correct. You can see the totals of most frequent responses to this statement. And after reading the any discussion going on below, you can select your choice(s) for the correct answer. For now, whoever posts each statement can update corrections.
These efforts weigh on me every time I, as commander in chief, I have to sign a letter to a family that has lost a loved one or look into the eyes of a service member who has been gravely wounded.
Appeal to Pity
Ad Misericordiam

Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Distracting Appeals

An Appeal to Pity is a fallacy in which a person substitutes a claim intended to create pity for evidence in an argument. The form of the "argument" is as follows:

  1. P is presented, with the intent to create pity.
  2. Therefore claim C is true.
This line of "reasoning" is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim. This is extremely clear in the following case: "You must accept that 1+1=46, after all I'm dying..." While you may pity me because I am dying, it would hardly make my claim true.

This fallacy differs from the Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief (ACB). In the ACB fallacy, a person is using the effects of a belief as a substitute for evidence. In the Appeal to Pity, it is the feelings of pity or sympathy that are substituted for evidence.

It must be noted that there are cases in which claims that actually serve as evidence also evoke a feeling of pity. In such cases, the feeling of pity is still not evidence. The following is an example of a case in which a claim evokes pity and also serves as legitimate evidence:

Professor: "You missed the midterm, Bill."
Bill: "I know. I think you should let me take the makeup."
Professor: "Why?"
Bill: "I was hit by a truck on the way to the midterm. Since I had to go to the emergency room with a broken leg, I think I am entitled to a makeup."
Professor: "I'm sorry about the leg, Bill. Of course you can make it up."

The above example does not involve a fallacy. While the professor does feel sorry for Bill, she is justified in accepting Bill's claim that he deserves a makeup. After all getting run over by a truck would be a legitimate excuse for missing a test.

Click For Fallacy Description

 1,352 Total Answer Attempts   77%
 1,047 Correctly Popped Fallacies
 305 Incorrectly Un/Popped
posted by wikiworldorder     url: youtube/m2TI...

Most Common Responses

 
1,047 - Appeal to Pity
99 - Appeal to Emotion
17 - Misleading Vividness
17 - Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
13 - Special Pleading
10 - Red Herring
10 - Appeal to Authority
10 - Guilt by Association
8 - Post Hoc
8 - Burden of Proof
8 - Appeal to Common Practice
7 - Appeal to Flattery
7 - Confusing Cause and Effect
7 - Appeal to Popularity
7 - False Dilemma
6 - Fallacy of Composition
6 - Begging the Question
5 - Appeal to Tradition
5 - Relativist Fallacy
5 - Ignoring a Common Cause
5 - Appeal to Novelty
4 - Appeal to Spite
4 - Biased Generalization
4 - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque
3 - Circumstantial Ad Hominem
3 - Fallacy of Division
3 - Appeal to Fear
3 - Appeal to Belief
3 - Ad Hominem
3 - Slippery Slope
3 - Peer Pressure
3 - Genetic Fallacy
3 - Gambler's Fallacy
2 - Hasty Generalization
2 - Personal Attack
1 - Poisoning the Well
1 - Appeal to Ridicule

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