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Logical  Fallacy: a error in reasoning
  (adj)     (noun)

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Below is the statement as it appears with the fallacy marked as correct. You can see the totals of most frequent responses to this statement. And after reading the any discussion going on below, you can select your choice(s) for the correct answer. For now, whoever posts each statement can update corrections.
I know the exam is graded based on performance, but you should give me an A. My cat has been sick, my car broke down, and I've had a cold, so it was really hard for me to study!
Appeal to Pity
Ad Misericordiam

Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Distracting Appeals

An Appeal to Pity is a fallacy in which a person substitutes a claim intended to create pity for evidence in an argument. The form of the "argument" is as follows:

  1. P is presented, with the intent to create pity.
  2. Therefore claim C is true.
This line of "reasoning" is fallacious because pity does not serve as evidence for a claim. This is extremely clear in the following case: "You must accept that 1+1=46, after all I'm dying..." While you may pity me because I am dying, it would hardly make my claim true.

This fallacy differs from the Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief (ACB). In the ACB fallacy, a person is using the effects of a belief as a substitute for evidence. In the Appeal to Pity, it is the feelings of pity or sympathy that are substituted for evidence.

It must be noted that there are cases in which claims that actually serve as evidence also evoke a feeling of pity. In such cases, the feeling of pity is still not evidence. The following is an example of a case in which a claim evokes pity and also serves as legitimate evidence:

Professor: "You missed the midterm, Bill."
Bill: "I know. I think you should let me take the makeup."
Professor: "Why?"
Bill: "I was hit by a truck on the way to the midterm. Since I had to go to the emergency room with a broken leg, I think I am entitled to a makeup."
Professor: "I'm sorry about the leg, Bill. Of course you can make it up."

The above example does not involve a fallacy. While the professor does feel sorry for Bill, she is justified in accepting Bill's claim that he deserves a makeup. After all getting run over by a truck would be a legitimate excuse for missing a test.

Click For Fallacy Description

 1,397 Total Answer Attempts   86%
 1,204 Correctly Popped Fallacies
 193 Incorrectly Un/Popped
posted by wikiworldorder     url: writingcente...
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Most Common Responses

 
1,204 - Appeal to Pity
44 - Special Pleading
35 - Appeal to Emotion
20 - Confusing Cause and Effect
10 - Biased Generalization
9 - Post Hoc
8 - Red Herring
8 - Slippery Slope
6 - Guilt by Association
5 - Circumstantial Ad Hominem
5 - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque
5 - Fallacy of Composition
3 - Ignoring a Common Cause
3 - Hasty Generalization
3 - Appeal to Authority
3 - Poisoning the Well
3 - Fallacy of Division
3 - Burden of Proof
2 - Misleading Vividness
2 - Appeal to Belief
2 - Appeal to Ridicule
2 - Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
2 - Appeal to Flattery
2 - Appeal to Tradition
2 - Appeal to Spite
2 - Ad Hominem
1 - Peer Pressure
1 - Gambler's Fallacy
1 - Appeal to Popularity
1 - Begging the Question

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