Logical  Fallacy: a error in reasoning
  (adj)     (noun)

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Statement #74 Discussion

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Below is the statement as it appears with the fallacy marked as correct. You can see the totals of most frequent responses to this statement. And after reading the any discussion going on below, you can select your choice(s) for the correct answer. For now, whoever posts each statement can update corrections.
The defendant in a murder trial must be found guilty, because otherwise husbands will be encouraged to murder their wives.
Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
Argumentum Ad Consequentium

Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Distracting Appeals

The Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief is a fallacy that comes in the following patterns:

#1: X is true because if people did not accept X as being true, then there would be negative consequences.
#2: X is false because if people did not accept X as being false, then there would be negative consequences.

#3: X is true because accepting that X is true has positive consequences.
#4: X is false because accepting that X is false has positive consequences.

#5: I wish that X were true, therefore X is true. This is known as Wishful Thinking.
#6: I wish that X were false, therefore X is false. This is known as Wishful Thinking.

This line of "reasoning" is fallacious because the consequences of a belief have no bearing on whether the belief is true or false. For example, if someone were to say "If sixteen-headed purple unicorns don't exist, then I would be miserable, so they must exist", it would be clear that this would not be a good line of reasoning. It is important to note that the consequences in question are the consequences that stem from the belief. It is important to distinguish between a rational reason to believe (RRB) (evidence) and a prudential reason to believe (PRB) (motivation). A RRB is evidence that objectively and logically supports the claim. A PRB is a reason to accept the belief because of some external factor (such as fear, a threat, or a benefit or harm that may stem from the belief) that is relevant to what a person values but is not relevant to the truth or falsity of the claim. The nature of the fallacy is especially clear in the case of Wishful thinking. Obviously, merely wishing that something is true does not make it true. This fallacy differs from the Appeal to Belief fallacy in that the Appeal to Belief involves taking a claim that most people believe that X is true to be evidence for X being true.

Click For Fallacy Description

 1,454 Total Answer Attempts   44%
 635 Correctly Popped Fallacies
 819 Incorrectly Un/Popped
posted by wikiworldorder     url: don-lindsay-...
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Most Common Responses

635 - Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
83 - Slippery Slope
82 - Appeal to Fear
67 - Hasty Generalization
63 - Confusing Cause and Effect
55 - False Dilemma
49 - Biased Generalization
31 - Red Herring
28 - Appeal to Emotion
28 - Begging the Question
27 - Misleading Vividness
27 - Post Hoc
24 - Guilt by Association
21 - Fallacy of Composition
21 - Poisoning the Well
19 - Relativist Fallacy
18 - Circumstantial Ad Hominem
16 - Appeal to Common Practice
15 - Genetic Fallacy
15 - Appeal to Ridicule
14 - Special Pleading
14 - Burden of Proof
12 - Ignoring a Common Cause
11 - Fallacy of Division
10 - Ad Hominem
8 - Peer Pressure
8 - Appeal to Spite
8 - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque
8 - Gambler's Fallacy
7 - Appeal to Belief
7 - Appeal to Pity
5 - Middle Ground
4 - Personal Attack
4 - Appeal to Popularity
3 - Appeal to Authority
3 - Appeal to Tradition
2 - Appeal to Novelty
2 - Appeal to Flattery

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