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Logical  Fallacy: a error in reasoning
  (adj)     (noun)

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Statement #86 Discussion

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Below is the statement as it appears with the fallacy marked as correct. You can see the totals of most frequent responses to this statement. And after reading the any discussion going on below, you can select your choice(s) for the correct answer. For now, whoever posts each statement can update corrections.
1.The financial statements the government makes to support logging in a State Forest are false, indicating that you are making an economic profit, while the taxpayer is actually supporting an environmentally costly activity. The long-term losses make this too expensive for the taxpayer to support.
Appeal to Spite
Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings) → Distracting Appeals

The Appeal to Spite Fallacy is a fallacy in which spite is substituted for evidence when an "argument" is made against a claim. This line of "reasoning" has the following form:

  1. Claim X is presented with the intent of generating spite.
  2. Therefore claim C is false (or true)
This sort of "reasoning" is fallacious because a feeling of spite does not count as evidence for or against a claim. This is quite clear in the following case: "Bill claims that the earth revolves around the sun. But remember that dirty trick he pulled on you last week. Now, doesn't my claim that the sun revolves around the earth make sense to you?"

Of course, there are cases in which a claim that evokes a feeling of spite or malice can serve as legitimate evidence. However, it should be noted that the actual feelings of malice or spite are not evidence. The following is an example of such a situation:

Jill: "I think I'll vote for Jane to be treasurer of NOW."
Vicki: "Remember the time that your purse vanished at a meeting last year?"
Jill: "Yes."
Vicki: "Well, I just found out that she stole your purse and stole some other stuff from people."
Jill: "I'm not voting for her!"

In this case, Jill has a good reason not to vote for Jane. Since a treasurer should be honest, a known thief would be a bad choice. As long as Jill concludes that she should vote against Jane because she is a thief and not just out of spite, her reasoning would not be fallacious.

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Red Herring
AKA Smoke Screen, Wild Goose Chase

Category: Fallacies of Relevance (Red Herrings)

A Red Herring is a fallacy in which an irrelevant topic is presented in order to divert attention from the original issue. The basic idea is to "win" an argument by leading attention away from the argument and to another topic. This sort of "reasoning" has the following form:

  1. Topic A is under discussion.
  2. Topic B is introduced under the guise of being relevant to topic A (when topic B is actually not relevant to topic A).
  3. Topic A is abandoned.
This sort of "reasoning" is fallacious because merely changing the topic of discussion hardly counts as an argument against a claim.

Click For Fallacy Description

 510 Total Answer Attempts   44%
 223 Correctly Popped Fallacies
 287 Incorrectly Un/Popped
posted by tingrith     
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Most Common Responses

 
153 - Red Herring
70 - Appeal to Spite
26 - Burden of Proof
20 - False Dilemma
17 - Ignoring a Common Cause
14 - Appeal to Fear
13 - Biased Generalization
12 - Post Hoc
12 - Confusing Cause and Effect
11 - Fallacy of Composition
11 - Misleading Vividness
10 - Hasty Generalization
10 - Appeal to Belief
10 - Begging the Question
10 - Poisoning the Well
9 - Slippery Slope
9 - Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
9 - Appeal to Authority
9 - Circumstantial Ad Hominem
9 - Relativist Fallacy
8 - Guilt by Association
7 - Appeal to Emotion
6 - Special Pleading
6 - Appeal to Novelty
5 - Fallacy of Division
4 - Genetic Fallacy
4 - Ad Hominem
4 - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque
4 - Personal Attack
3 - Appeal to Popularity
3 - Appeal to Common Practice
3 - Appeal to Ridicule
2 - Appeal to Pity
2 - Appeal to Flattery
2 - Peer Pressure
1 - Middle Ground
1 - Appeal to Tradition
1 - Gambler's Fallacy

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* Fallacious statements are usually paired with a random image of a person who never spoke those words.
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