X
Logical  Fallacy: a error in reasoning
  (adj)     (noun)

(beta)
List Of Fallacies
Play More
Score:
0


About This Game

Feedback Here
Or On Facebook

Statement #o66 Discussion

0 comments
All Discussions

Below is the statement as it appears with the fallacy marked as correct. You can see the totals of most frequent responses to this statement. And after reading the any discussion going on below, you can select your choice(s) for the correct answer. For now, whoever posts each statement can update corrections.
Every player on the team is a superstar and a great player, so the team is a great team." This is fallacious since the superstars might not be able to play together very well and hence they could be a lousy team.
Fallacy of Composition
Category: Fallacies of Ambiguity

The fallacy of Composition is committed when a conclusion is drawn about a whole based on the features of its constituents when, in fact, no justification provided for the inference. There are actually two types of this fallacy, both of which are known by the same name (because of the high degree of similarity).

The first type of fallacy of Composition arises when a person reasons from the characteristics of individual members of a class or group to a conclusion regarding the characteristics of the entire class or group (taken as a whole). More formally, the "reasoning" would look something like this.

  1. Individual F things have characteristics A, B, C, etc.
  2. Therefore, the (whole) class of F things has characteristics A, B, C, etc.
This line of reasoning is fallacious because the mere fact that individuals have certain characteristics does not, in itself, guarantee that the class (taken as a whole) has those characteristics.

It is important to note that drawing an inference about the characteristics of a class based on the characteristics of its individual members is not always fallacious. In some cases, sufficient justification can be provided to warrant the conclusion. For example, it is true that an individual rich person has more wealth than an individual poor person. In some nations (such as the US) it is true that the class of wealthy people has more wealth as a whole than does the class of poor people. In this case, the evidence used would warrant the inference and the fallacy of Composition would not be committed.

The second type of fallacy of Composition is committed when it is concluded that what is true of the parts of a whole must be true of the whole without there being adequate justification for the claim. More formally, the line of "reasoning" would be as follows:

  1. The parts of the whole X have characteristics A, B, C, etc.
  2. Therefore the whole X must have characteristics A, B, C.
This sort of reasoning is fallacious because it cannot be inferred that simply because the parts of a complex whole have (or lack) certain properties that the whole that they are parts of has those properties. This is especially clear in math: The numbers 1 and 3 are both odd. 1 and 3 are parts of 4. Therefore, the number 4 is odd. It must be noted that reasoning from the properties of the parts to the properties of the whole is not always fallacious. If there is justification for the inference from parts to whole, then the reasoning is not fallacious. For example, if every part of the human body is made of matter, then it would not be an error in reasoning to conclude that the whole human body is made of matter. Similarly, if every part of a structure is made of brick, there is no fallacy committed when one concludes that the whole structure is made of brick.

Click For Fallacy Description

 844 Total Answer Attempts   61%
 511 Correctly Popped Fallacies
 333 Incorrectly Un/Popped
( Random Image )

Most Common Responses

 
511 - Fallacy of Composition
27 - False Dilemma
23 - Biased Generalization
22 - Hasty Generalization
21 - Confusing Cause and Effect
18 - Fallacy of Division
15 - Slippery Slope
13 - Appeal to the Consequences of a Belief
13 - Relativist Fallacy
13 - Ignoring a Common Cause
11 - Appeal to Flattery
11 - Poisoning the Well
10 - Misleading Vividness
10 - Genetic Fallacy
10 - Begging the Question
9 - Post Hoc
9 - Red Herring
9 - Ad Hominem Tu Quoque
9 - Circumstantial Ad Hominem
9 - Guilt by Association
9 - Appeal to Popularity
7 - Gambler's Fallacy
6 - Appeal to Belief
6 - Special Pleading
6 - Personal Attack
6 - Appeal to Spite
6 - Appeal to Ridicule
5 - Middle Ground
4 - Peer Pressure
4 - Burden of Proof
3 - Ad Hominem
3 - Appeal to Emotion
2 - Appeal to Authority
1 -
1 - Appeal to Fear
1 - Appeal to Common Practice
1 - Appeal to Novelty

Likes for Correct Answers

Show all on page ↑

+









Play Game - Fallacy List - Add Statements - Player Collections - Discussions

Login - High Scores - About - Trivium - Links - Contact

Donate To DontFallacy.Me - Support Dr. Labossiere

Creative Commons, 2014, Wiki World Order (Morgan Lesko)


* Fallacious statements are usually paired with a random image of a person who never spoke those words.
This free site is for educational purposes, studying intellectual dishonesty. The images are being used under fair use. Sunflower by robstephaustrali.